Career As a Business Analyst

Business analysis is the discipline of recognizing business needs and finding solutions to various business problems. The person who carries out this task is called a Business Analyst or BA.


So What Does a Business Analyst Actually Do? A Business Analyst typically work on projects and there are some variations about what they do on those projects but here is a list of typical tasks that should be performed by this role.


A Business Analyst should do these tasks:

  1. Co-ordinate with stakeholders to understand their business needs and ultimately their business requirements
  2. Gather business requirements and document in Business requirement document (BRD) and Functional requirement document (FRD)
  3. Raise any risks that may impact the requirements on a project
  4. Facilitate the requirements review and approval process
  5. Clarify any requirements to developers and testers on the project
  6. Establish a requirements traceability approach and matrix to be utilitsed by the project
  7. Manage any requirements change requests from a requirements point of view
  8. Contribute to the project management plan in terms of requirements approach, risks, constraints, assumptions and planning.
  9. Provide delivery time based estimates to the project management team for requirements deliverables
  10. Develop various requirements models utilising modelling techniques such as UML, process models and/or data modeling.
  11. Provide input to test cases, but do not own the task of creating test plans, test cases or scenarios.

Popular Business Analyst Software Tools:

Here is the list of software tools a business analyst uses in his daily tasks to increase productivity and efficiency while on the job:

1. Diagramming: Microsoft Visio

  • Preparing UML diagrams such as use case, activity and sequence diagrams.
  • Preparing process flow charts.
  • Creating data models.
  • Creating architecture diagrams, amongst other functions.

2Microsoft Word : To document the business requirements.

3. Analysis & Data Crunching: Microsoft Excel : When you require any kind of data analysis on the job, Excel is one powerful tool that can come in handy. If you want to create pivot tables, examine trends in the data, sort and filter data, create charts or graphs, Microsoft Excel can fulfil that purpose and more.

4. Requirements Management: Rational Requisite Pro: One of the most popular Requirements Management Tools is Rational Requisite Pro. If you are part of a team of business analysts working on a large project, you are likely to require a more robust solution like this for managing your requirements.

Hope this article help you to give basic understanding of Business Analyst. In the next article we will give more details on requirement documents prepared by BA. Till then happy reading !!


Thank you for reading this article. Please post your thoughts/comments/question using comment box.

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